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基于气体传感器技术的建筑物微生物侵染早期检测方法

来源: Monika Garbacz et al   发布日期: 2020-01-14  访问量: 22


本文就建筑微生物感染问题进行了综述。介绍了检测技术,重点介绍了基于气体传感器阵列的快速早期检测方法。对有利于微生物发育的建筑环境的理化条件和影响微生物侵染问题的技术条件进行了研究...
标签: 电子鼻、气体传感器、建筑物微生物
 

Methods for Early Detection of Microbiological Infestation of Buildings Based on Gas Sensor Technologies

基于气体传感器技术的建筑物微生物侵染早期检测方法

Monika Garbacz 1,Agnieszka Malec 2,Sylwia Duda-Saternus 1,Zbigniew Suchorab 2,Łukasz Guz 2 andGrzegorz Łagód 2,*
1 Institute of Rural Health in Lublin, Department of Woman Health, 20-090 Lublin, Poland
2 Lublin University of Technology, Faculty of Environmental Engineering, 20-618 Lublin, Poland
*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Chemosensors 2020, 8(1), 7; https://doi.org/10.3390/chemosensors8010007
Received: 30 November 2019 / Revised: 23 December 2019 / Accepted: 2 January 2020 / Published: 6 January 2020

Abstract
In this review, the problem of microbiological infestation of buildings was discussed. The techniques of detection were described as well, with special attention drawn to the rapid-early detection methods based on gas sensor arrays. The physical and chemical conditions of the building environment conducive to the development of microorganisms and the technical conditions influencing the problem of microbiological infestation were investigated. Additionally, the harmful effects on human health caused by the microbiological contamination were discussed, with a short review of particular groups of microorganisms causing sick building syndrome. Among the detection techniques, the traditional microbiological techniques as well as the molecular and chemical methods were presented. Different designs of the gas sensor arrays together with the various techniques of analyzing the received multidimensional signal were described, analyzed, and compared in detail.

本文就建筑微生物感染问题进行了综述。介绍了检测技术,重点介绍了基于气体传感器阵列的快速早期检测方法。对有利于微生物发育的建筑环境的理化条件和影响微生物侵染问题的技术条件进行了研究。此外,还讨论了微生物污染对人类健康造成的有害影响,并简要回顾了引起病态建筑综合症的特定微生物群。在检测技术中,介绍了传统的微生物检测技术以及分子和化学检测方法。详细描述、分析和比较了气体传感器阵列的不同设计以及接收多维信号的各种分析技术。


Keywords: microbiological infestation; mold; fungi; gas sensor array; electronic nose; voc detection; chromatography; PCR; NGS; SBS

关键词:微生物感染;霉菌;真菌;气敏阵列;电子鼻;voc检测;色谱法;PCR;NGS;SBS


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